We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.
We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.
This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.
A student must take a minimum of 21 credit hours in courses with the designation BIOL, including at least six credit hours at the 3000- or 40000-level. No more than six credit hours can be double-counted towards both major and minor program requirements. A cumulative GPA of at least 2.0 in the minor subject courses is required to successfully complete a minor program.
At least three additional courses (9 credit hours) with a designation of BIOL, excluding BIOL 1000U, BIOL 1011U, BIOL 1021U, and BIOL 1841U, of which at least two (6 credit hours) must be at the 3000- or 4000-level.